FreePBX 101 v14 Part 8 – ATA’s


welcome to pro stock Solutions my name is Chris and this is free PBX 101 version 14 part 8 we’re going to be talking about a TAS also known as gateways so what is an ata that stands for analog telephony adapter it’s basically a way to take an older device something analog such as an old phone or a fax machine and connecting it into a voice over IP server now there’s two types of gateways that you will commonly see on the market there are FX s gateways which stands for foreign exchange station that’s going to be your fax machines your devices your phones anything analog that needs to connect to the server then you have FX o which stands for foreign exchange office that means analog lines so something like a regular copper pots line from the phone company this ata that I have in my hands here is the cisco SP a 112 and this is the one that we’re going to set up in this video this is a very simple to port a CA it can have up to two analog devices connected to two separate sip accounts or sip extensions on the free PBX this thing is like 35 or 40 bucks on Amazon I’ll put a link down below it works really well if you just need some simple analog connectivity such as what we’re doing today which is hooking up this old-school automatic electric model 40 this is an actual antique phone from the 1930s and we’re gonna connect it to our voice over IP server these are most commonly used these days for fax machines though I do have to caveat and say that I never run fax machines through free PBX or I should say I try to avoid faxing through free PBX at all costs I’m not even going to do a faxing video as part of this tutorial series because I don’t like faxing I don’t run it through free PBX if you have a fax machine you can’t get away with a better solution than plugging a pots line directly into that fax machine that’s gonna be your most solid and reliable way to do faxing running faxes through free PBX going to make you pull your hair out very quickly so word of caution don’t do it if you have analog needs that are greater than just this little two-port device can supply then I would recommend bumping up to something like a sangoma Vega gateway so this is the Vega 60 g4f this comes in both fxo and fxs flavors this one happens to have 4 FX o ports and 4 FX s ports you can have 4 pots lines from the outside world and you can have 4 analog devices such as fax machines or phones inside your organization they make this in all sorts of different flavours including 8 FX o 8 FX s and then even bigger models of this that can handle 24 or 50 devices at a time so why would you need that many FX s devices or analog devices most often it is for retrofitting older infrastructures so for instance think of like a retirement home where you have a number of VoIP extensions for the staff but all of the rooms have were pre-wired you know in the 1980s with just regular to wire copper wire that people plug a phone into in the wall so imagine you had a retirement home with a hundred different rooms for the residents you could pop in one of these FX s gateways assign a single port to every single one of the rooms in the in the retirement home and then all that the residents have to do is take their old phone and plug it into the wall and they are on the voice over IP phone system they can make and receive calls so that’s where I’ve used it on a number of occasions instead of replacing all of the phones in an organization with voice over IP phones which can be quite expensive you throw in a couple analog gateways and you can reuse the existing infrastructure ok so we’re gonna pop over to the login page for the Cisco ata by default the username is admin and the password is admin if you have the endpoint manager you can set this up with the endpoint manager I highly recommend doing so if you have the employment manager but I’m gonna show you how to do it manually because it’s actually very easy so here we have the quick setup page this a cisco HT a is at a factory default state meaning that this is the first thing that you’re gonna see when you log into the device for the first time just like the soft phones in the last video there’s three bits of information we meet the IP address of the server the SIP username and the SIP password so let’s go ahead and go get that stuff next we’re gonna pop two free PBX grin and say applications extensions and we’ll take the next extension which is Natasha Romanoff we’re gonna edit that extension we’re gonna copy the SIP password the SIP username is going to be 2004 and then we already know the IP address of the server so the IP address of the server goes here under proxy that’s gonna be 1017 dot 4430 hit tab the display name is going to be black widow user ID is going to be 2004 password is going to be pasted from my clipboard and then we’re gonna say submit at this point the s.p.a is going to configure itself is going to reboot and it’ll come back online in just a few seconds once we’ve waited about a minute we should be able to go in here to reports asterisk info and then click on peers to see that it’s connected and in this case looks like it has already connected okay it says 52 milliseconds which means we should now technically be able to dial extension in 2004 to make this model 40 phone rings let’s go ahead and try that now we’re gonna say 2 0 0 4 and send check check check okay there you have it it’s that easy to set up an 80a this can be really useful in a lot of cases one thing I should mention is that while this can connect analog devices to your server it’s not recommended for all analog devices there are a number of devices such as elevators fire suppression systems alarm systems that should have a copper pots line plugged directly into those devices for those type of emergency service devices it’s best to not introduce additional points of failure so for instance if the free PBX goes down because there’s a fire in the building or anamur see you wouldn’t want that to stop the elevator or the fire suppression or the alarm system from being able to call out to the proper authorities in order to make sure that you know people are fixing whatever emergency happened to pop up so just a word of warning think about the fxs devices that you’re plugging in if you’re just plugging in a phone or fax machine that’s totally fine but alarm systems elevators stuff like that keep those separate and you have a dedicated phone line for those services okay so I hope you enjoyed this video if you did enjoy the video give us a thumbs up if you’d like to see more videos like this please click subscribe my name is Chris with crosstalk solutions and thank you so much for watching [Music]

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